Saturday, April 6, 2019

Aathavi va navi panchvarshiy yojanaon ki jaankari

Aathavi panchvarshiy yojana

Ek april 1992 se 31 march 1997 tak yah yojana chali. Yojana mein maanv sansadhan vikas ko pramukhta dete hue nimnlikhit prathmiktaein nirdharit ki gayi. Rojgar ke avasron ka prayatp srajan karna. Jansankhya vradhi dar ko logon ke sakriy sahyog se rokna tatha protsahanon ak ek prabhavshali karyrkam laagu karna. Prarmbhik shiksha ko sarvvyapi banana tatha pandrah se panctees vars ke aayu varg mein niraksharta ko poori tarah samapat karna. Sabhi gaanvon tahta sampoorn jansankhya ke liye svachh peyjal tahta prathmik svasthy kendr uplabdhb karana tatha malan dhone ki pratha ko poornroopen sampat karna.

Krishi shetr mein samradhi tahta vividhata laana, jisse khadyann mein atmnirbharta prapt ho sake va niryat ke liye atirek nirmit kiya jaa sake. Vikas ki prakriya ko nirantar jaari rakhn ke liey arthik dhanche ko majboot banana, jise antargat urja, parivahan, sanchar tatha sinchai suvidhaon par vishesh bal dena. Aathavi yojana ke uparyukt uddeshoy k oprpat karne ke liey teen mahatvpoorn muddon ki aavashyakta ka ullekh kiya gya. Nivesh ki vitty vyavastha ke liye antirk sadhanon par nirnatar nirbharta banaye rakhna. Vigyan va prodhyogiki ke vikas ke liye takneeki shamtaon mein vradhi karna. Adhunikikaran va pratispardhatmak kushalta mein vradhi karna, jisse bhartiy arthvyavastha vishw ki arthvyavastha ke saath samanjasy sthapit kar sake or uska laabh utha sake.

Aathavi panchvarshiy yojana ki uplabdhiyan

Sadhan laagat par GDP vradhi dar 6.8 pratishat rahi jabki lakshay keval 5.6 pratishat tha. Krishi shetr mein viaks ki ostar vradhi dar 3.9 pratishat rahi jo lakshay se shuny point char pratishat adhik hai. Audhyogik shetr mein osat sanvradhi dar aath rpatishat rhai jo lakshay se shuny point char pratishat adhik hai. Seva shetr mein osat varshik vradhi dar sadhan laagat par GDP ka saath point no pratishat rahi jo lakshy se ek point aath pratishat adhik hai. Aayat nirya tmein varshik vradhi dar kramshah chhah point ek tatha ek point aath pratishat rahi. Gharleu bachat varsih kvradhi dar ikkees point chhah pratishat tatha viniyog ki dar 23.2 pratishat rahi.

Navi Panchvarshiy Yojanaon
Navi panchvarshiy yojana ka karykral ek april unees so satanavein se ikatees march do hajar do tak tha. Navi yojana ka mukhy focus nyaypoorn vitrna evam samajik nyay ke saath teevr vikas hoga. Yahan yah ullekhniya hai ki sanyukt morcha sarkar ne navi yojana ka drashtikon patr nyuntam sajah karykram ko dhyan mein rakhkar taiyar kiya tha. Navin yojana mein vikas ke manviy paksh par adhik dhyan kendiry kiya gya hai jsse arthik sudharon ka laabh sarvsadharan ko prapt ho sake.

Iske liye krishi, grameen vikas, moolbhoot nyuntam sevaine, jansankhya niyantra, mahilaon tatha samajik drashtise kamjor samuhon ko adhik Samarth banana, vikas mein logon ki sajhedari badhana tatha atmnirbharta ki disha mine prayason ko sudradh karna adi baton par bal diya gya. Navin yojana ke nimnlikhit uddehs nirdharit kiye gaye. Paryapt utpadakt rojgar srajit karna, krishi evam grameen vikas, nirdhanta ka unmoolan, sabhi ke liye svachh peyjal, prathmik svasthy suvhdaein, sarvbhoomik prathmik shiksha, aavas ki suvidhaon sahi nyuntam aavashyakaton ki samaybadh apoorti.

Uplabdhiyan: dasavin panchvarshiy yojana ke draft mein navi panchvarshiy yojana ki nimnlikhit uplabdhiyon/ asfalataon ka varnan hai. Aathavi panchvarshiy yojana mein sakal ghrelu utpad ki dar lagbhag chhah point saat pratishat thi jo navi yojana mein gh atkar 5.35 pratishat ho gayi. Navi panchvarshiy yojana ein krishi vikas dar aathavi yojana ke 4.7 pratishat se ghatkar 2.1 pratishat rah gayi jabki sanshodhit lakshay 3.7 praitshat tha. Navi yojana ke vinirman shetr mein vikas ki dar aathavi yojana ke saat point chhah pratishat se ghatkar char point paanch pratishat rha gyai jabki lakshay 8.2 pratisha tha.

Navi yojana bachat evam nivesh ke lakshy ko bhi prpat nahi kar saki. Sakal gharelu utpad mein bachat dar ka pratishat 23.3 tha jabki lakshay 26.3 pratishat tha. Isi prakar, sakal gharelu utpada mein nivesh dar ka pratishat 24.2 pratishat raha jabki lakshay 28.3 pratishat ha. Sarvjanik shet rmein parivyay ka aakar atharah pratishat ghata diya gya. Sarvjanik shetr mein vastavik parivyay san 1996-97 ke mulyon par 859200 karo rupay ghatkar 705818 karod rupay hua.


Navi yojana mei kar sakal gharelu utpad aunpat mein kami aayi, parantu vyay sakal gharelu utpad anupat mein tulnatmak roop se adhik vradhi hui. Navi yojana niryat shetr mein bhi asafal sidh hui. Gyarah point aath pratishat vradhi ke lakshy kit ulna mein niryaton mei matr paanch pratishat ki vradhi hui. Berojgar ki dar mein bhi vradhi hui. Sankshep mein navi yojana apne lakshayon ko prapt karne mein poorntah asafal rahi. 

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