Monday, April 8, 2019

Arthik Vikas Mein Rajkiy Hastshep Ke Uddeshy

Arthik vikas mein rajkiy hastshep ke nimnlikhit uddeshy hain. Dehs mein uplabdh prakartik sansadhanon ka vivekpoorn vidohan karna. Shetriy asamanta mein kami lane ke liye vikendrikrat audhyogik vikas ko protsahit karna. Arthik sankendran ko kam karna tatha ekadhikari pravarti par niyantran karna. Videshi vinimay vikas hetu upyog. Rashtriy hit ko surakshit karne ke liye videshi nivesh ko nirdeshit karna.

Rajkiy hastshep ki vidhiyan

Rajkoshiy neeti
Samanytah rajkoshiy neeti se abhipray sarvjanik aay, sarvjanik vyay evam arjvanik ran se sambandhit neetiyon se lagaya jaata hai. Professor aurther smithij ne kaha hai ki rajokoshiy neeti vah neeti hai jisme sarkar apne vyay tatha agam ke karykram ko rashtriy aay, utpadan athva rojgar par vanchhit prabahv dalne or avanchhit prabhavon ko rokne ke liye prayukt karti hai. Rajkoshiy neeti arthik neeti ka ek prahavshali yantra hai or arthik sthayitv ka ek sashakat sadhan hai. Is prakar rajkoshiy neeti ke antargat sarkar sarvjanik aay, sarvjanik vyya tatha sarjvanik ran ke dwara arthvyavastha par vanchhit prabhav dalne ke prayas karti hai. Rajkoshiy neeti ke pramukh upkaran nimnlikhit hai.

Kararopan: kar ek anivary anshdan hai jise pratyek kardata ko anivary roop se sarkar ke kar vibhag ko dne ahota hai. Ek neeti ke upkaran ke roop mein kar arthvyavastha ko nimn prakar prabhavit karte hain. Ameer vyaktiyon ki aay par apekshakrat adhik kar lagakar aay evam dhan ke vitran ki vishamtaein kam ki jaa sakti hai. Aisa kar dhancha, jisme kar ki darein kramshah badhti jaati hai, ek nyuntam aay ke star ko karmukth rakhte hue, aay ki asamanta ko kam rakhne mein sahayak hai. Vilasita ki vastuon par nche kar lagakar aay ki asamanta ko kam kiya jaa satka hai. Unche pratyaksh kar aayaton ko hatotsahit karte hain. Apratyaksh karon mein kami audhyogik vikas ko gati pradan karti hai. Kar vikas ke liey aavashyak poonji jutate hain. Karon dwara prapt aay ke parinamswaroop sarvjanik nivesh mein vradhi arthik evam samajik aadharik sanrachna ke vikas mein sahayak hai.

Sarvjanik vyay: kendry, rajy evam sthaniy sansthaon dwara kiye gaye vyay ko sarvjanik vyay kahte hai. Arthik uddeshyon ko prapt karne ke liye sarvjanik vyay ka nimnlikhit prakar se prayog kiya jaa sakta hai. Sarvjanik vyay dwara upbhog star, jeevan star, karyshamta ka star or antatah utpadakta ke star mein vradhi ki jaa sakti hai. Sarvjanik vyya arthik sadhanon ke sthanantran ko prabhavit karta hai. Pragatisheel sarvjanik vyya ki padhati apnakar arthik vishamtaon ko kam kiya jaa sakta hai. Sarvjanik vyay dwara sarvjanik nirman ki yojanaon ko aarambh karke rojgar mein vradhi ki jaa sakti hai. Sarvjanik vyay dwara arthik viaks ko prtosahit kiya jaa sakta hai.


Sarvjanik ran: jab sarkar apni vitty aavashyakaton ko apni aay ki samany madon se poora nahi kar paati, to use sarvjanik ran ka sahara lena padta hai. Is prakar sarvjanik ran sarkar ke vyayon ki poorti karne ka ek sadhan hai. Atah sarkar dwara liya gya ran sarvjanik ran kahlata hai. Yah ran apne hi desh mein athva videsh se liya jaa sakta hai. Sarvjanik ran arthvyavatha par nimn prabhav dalte hai. Utpadak karyon par vyay kiya gya sarvjanik ran utpadan shakti mein vradhi karta hai. Sarkari ran surakshit evam suvidhajanak hote hai. Atah ye bachat ko protsahit karte hain. Yadi ran nirdhan vyaktiyon ke laabharth vyay kiya jaa sakta hai to isse arthik asamantaein kam hoti hai. Ran vartman mein upbhog ko ghatate hain. Ran dwwara udhyog or vyapar evam vanchhaniy parivartan laaye jaa sakte hain. 

0 comments:

Post a Comment