Monday, April 8, 2019

Arthik Vikas Mein Rajy Ka Yogdan

Ek poorntaya samajvadi arthvyavastha mein arthik nirnay poorntah sarkar athva kendriy satta dwara liye jaate hai. Iske viprit ek poorntaya poonjivadi arthvyavastha mein arthik nirnay bajar ki shaktiyon dwara liye jaate hain. Kintu bhartiy arthvyavastha ek mishrit arthvyavastha hai. Yahan ek vishal sarvjanik shetr hai, jisme sabhi nirnay rajy dwara liye jaate hai or rajy in nirnayon ko lete samay laabh ke bajay sarvjanik hit ko dhyan mein rakhta hai. Doosre shabadon mein mishrit arthvyavastha mein bhi sarvjanik shetr se sambandhit nivesh ke nirnay usi tarah liye jaate hain jis tarah samajvad mein. Sarvjanik shetr ke saath saath hamare yahan bahut bada niji shetr hai jisme maang or poorti ki sapekshik shaktiyan bajar tantr ke madhyam se arthvyavastha se thik usi prakra samanjasy sthapit karti hai jis parka rshudh poonjivad mein. Haan rajy samajik nyay ke saath arthik vikas ke lakshy ko prapt karne ke liye niji shetr ko niyamit evam niyantrit rakhta hai.

Rajy dwara hastshep-aavashyakta
Bhartiy arthvyavastha ek mishtrit arthvyavastha hai. Yahan sarvjanik shetr evam niji shetr dono hi saath saath kary karte hain. Sarvjanik shetr ka uddeshy samajik hit mein vradhi karna hai kintu niji shetr ka uddeshy adhiktam laabh arjit karna hai. Is uddeshy ki poorti hetu niji utpadak upbhoktaon va shramikon ka anek prakar se shoshan karte hain. Rajy ka dayitv samaj ko unke shoshan se bachana hai. Iske liye sarkar arthik kriyaon mein hastshep karti hai. Rajkiy hastshep ki aavashyakta nimnlikhit karnon se bhi hoti hai.

Samajik unnati: rashtr ka arthik vikas amajik unnati se pratyaksh roop se juda hai. Jab tak gareebi va berojgari jaisi gambheer samajik samasyaein vidyaman rahengi tab tak arthik vikas ki sambhavna nahi rahti. Is drashti se sarkar ki bhoomika in samajik samasyaon ko door karne mein mahatvpoorn hoti hai.

Janankiki sudhar: arthik vikas ko gati pradan karne tatha samajik kalyan ko nirantar evam utkrash banaye rakhne ke liey visfotak jansankhya vradhi dar, janm dar, ashiksha aadi par niyantran kiya jaana aavashyak hai. Iske liey sarkar is disha mein vibhinn prakar se prayas karti hai.

Arthik prerna: arthik vikas ko gati pradan karne ke liye arthik prerna ki aavashyakta hoti hai. Iske liye sarkar vivdh karykramon ke madhaym se arthik prerna pradan karne ka prayas karti hai.

Upyukt sansthaon ke madhaym se hastshep: arthik vikas ko sahi disha pradan karne kliye rajy vibhinn prakar ki sansthaon jaise neeti aayog, vitt aayog, krishi aaoyog ityadi ke madhaym se hastshep karti hai.

Koshal vikas: adhik jansankhya hone ke baad bhi bharat mein kushal shramikon ka abhav hai. Iske liye sarkar vibhinn parka rke koshal vikas karykram chalati hai jisse kushal shramik prapat ho sakein.

Tarkik kar pranali: kar pranali ka pratyaksh prabahv audhyogik evam vyaparik gatividihyon par padta hai. Arthik vikas ko gati dene tatha nivesh ka vatavaran banana ke liey tarkik kar pranali ka hona aavashyak hai.

Kushal prashasan tatha kanoon vyavastha ki sthapana: arthik ivkas ke liey vibhinn prakar ki suvidhaon ki poorn anivaryata hoti hai. Iske atirikt samajik tatha arthik sthirta evam shanty ki bhi aavashyakta hoti hai. Aisi sthiti mein sarkar police tatha prashasan ke madhaym se hastshep karti hai.

Videshi vyapar ko protsahan: sarkar apni neetiyon ke dwara desh mein videshi nivesh ko protsahan dene ke saath saath niryat ko bhi adhiktam karne ka prayas karti hai.

Arthik vatavaran taiyar karna: arthik vikas ke liye aavashyak hai ki desh ke arthik vatavaran ko udhyogon ke anukool banaya jaaye. Iske liye sarkar samajik unnyan tatha shiksha ke madhaym se hastshep kar arthik vatavaran taiyar karti hai.


Nivesh ko protsahan: sarkar vibhin prakar ki vitty sasthaon jaise bankin vyavastha, saakh ya ran vyavastha adi ke madhyam se nivesh ko badhava deti hai. Iske atirikt vibhinn anusandhan karykramon dwara navpravartan ko protsahit karti hai. 

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