Friday, April 5, 2019

Audhyogik Utpadakta Evam Karykushalta

Udhyogon ki utpadakta se aashy: utpadan prakriya utpatti ke vihinn sadhanon ke samuhik prayason par nirbhar karti hai. Uatpadan mein in sadhanon ke anupatik bhag ko sadhan utpadakta kahte hain. Udhyog ki utpadakte k earth ko agrlikhit prakar se samjhaya jaa sakta hai.

Ek udhyog ki prada or uski aadaon ke anupatik bhag ko us udhyog ki utpadakta kahte hain. Sampoorn arthvyavastha ke drashtikon se utpadakta ka aashy, desh ke sambahvy prasadhnon se samst uplabdh vastuon or sevaon ke anupat se hai. M banarji ke shabadon mein utpadakta se aashy pray us anupat se liya jaata hai jo ki vastuon or sevaon ke roop mein dhanotpadak or aise utpadan mein lage hue utpatti ke sadhanon ke beech vidyaman ho. Audhyogik utpadakat ko udhyog mein lagi poonji or uske dwara utpadan mein vradhi ke roop mein hi maapa jaa sakta hai. Ise vardhaman poonji anupat ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai.

Akushalta – nimn utpadakta ke karan
Bharity udhyogon ki nimn utpadakta ke mukhy karan nimnlikhit hain. Prodhyogiki ke sduhar ke liye prernaon ka abhav. Sanyantr evam machinery ke adhunikikaran ke liye prernaon ka abhav. Anveshan evam vikas karykramon ka abhav. Vidyut jais adhisanrachnatmak suvidhaon ka abhav, audyogik prabandhkon ki adoordarshita. Shramikon va any karmchariyon ke prati upeksha ka vyavhar. Utpadakta vradhi ke laabhon ka uchit evam nayaypoorn vitran na hona. Vitty suvidhaon ak aparyapt hona tatha audhyogik niyojan mein uchit samanvy ka abhav.

Audhyogik vikas ke liye uthaye gaye kadam

Sanvardhnatmak sahayata
Laghu evam kuteer udhyogon ke vikas ke liye sarkar dwara di jaane wali sanvardhnatmak sahayata nimn prakar hai. Rajy dwara rajy vitt nigam, sahkari saakh samitiyon va vyavsayik bankon ki apekshakrat adhik udar sahrton par ran diya jaata hai. Anek audhyogik bastiyon evam jila audhyogik kendri ki sthapana ki gayi hai. Takneeki sahyata pradan karne ke lie kendriy lahug udhyog vikas sangathan ki sthapana ki gayi hai. Rajy lahu udhyog nigam kachhe maal ka avantan karta hai. Kendriy kuteer udhyog emporium vipnan suvidhaein pradan karta hai. Audhyogik sahkaritaein inke svasth evam teevr viaks mein mahatvpoorn yogdan deti hai. License neetin mein vibhinn prakar ki chhot pradan ki gayi hai. Anek anusandhan kendro ki sthapana ki gayi hai. Desh videsh emin pradarshaniyon ka aayojan kiya jaata hai.

Sansthagat sahayata
Bharat mein laghu evam kuteer udhyogon ke vikas hetu nimnlikthi sansthaein sthapit ki gayi hai. Rashtriy laghu udhyog nigam, rashtiry udyamita evam laghu vikas vyapar sansthan. Laghu vikas sangathan, rajy laghu udhyog vikas nigam, akhil bhartiy khadi evam gramodyog board. Laghu udhyog vistar prashikshan sansthan. Akhil bhartiy hathkargha board, kahil bhartiy kuteer udhyog board. Akhil bhartiy hastkala board. Bhartiy dastkari nigam, bhartiy laghu parishad evam nariyal jata board.

Sanrakshnatmak sahayata

Laghu evam kuteer udhyogon ke vikas ke liye sarkar dwara di jaane wali sanrakshnatmak sahyata nimnlikhit shirshakon ke antargat di jaati hai. Audhyogik vikas evam niyaman adhiniyam 1951 ke atnargat laghue vam kuteer udhyogon ko vaidhanik sanrakshan pradan kiya gya hai. Anek vastuon ko keval chhote udhyogon ke liey arakshit kar diya gya hai. Yojana vyay mein vradhi ki gayi hai. Laghu udhyogon ki samasyaon ko hal karne ke liye samay samay par anek samitiyon evam udhyogon ka gathan kiya gya hai. 

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