Friday, April 5, 2019

Bade Paimane Ke Udhyogon Ke Protsahan Hetu Uthaye Gaye Kadam

Chhote paimane ke udhyog adhikanshtah upbhokta vastuon ka chhote paimane par utpadan karte hain. Ve poonjigat evam upbhokta vasuto ki badhti hui maan gko hi poora kar sakte hai. Unki gunvatta bhi utni hi uchhkoit ki nahi ho paati. Atah is drashti ko dhyan mein rakhte heu bade paimane k udhyogon ki sthapana ki gayi hai. In udhyogon ki sthapana adhikanshtah sarvjanik shetr mein ki gayi jinme badi matra mein poonji nivesh kiya gya tatha badi sankhya mein shramikon ko rojgar diya gya hai. In udhyogon ke ivkas kel iye sarkar ne nimnlikhit kadam uthaye hai.

Licensing neti ko udar banaya gya hai. Rajkoshiy neeti ke antargat prayapt kar riyayatein di gayi hai. Audhyogik vikas evam niyaman adhiniaym 1951 ke antargat vinirman ikaiyon ka panjikaran aavashayk hai or inhe is adhiniyam ke atnargat sarkar dwara nirmit niyamon evam adhiniyamon ka palan karna hota hai. Adhunik audhyogik takneek ko apnane ke liye anek prakar ki rajkoshiy evam vitty prernaein di jaa rahi hai. Utpadan lagaton ko nyuntam karne ke liye sarkar dwara sabhi prakar ki sahayata uplabdh karai jaati hai. Prodhyogik sudhar or sanyantr adhunikikaran ke liye sarkar ne do koshon ki sthapana ki hai-prodhyogiki sudhar kosh evam poonji adhunikikaran kosh.

Uplabdhiyan
Bhartiy arthvyavastha mein audhyogik uplabdhiyon ko nimn prakar rakha jaa sakta hai. Bhartiy arthvyavastha meina dhunik evam sudradh avsanrachna ka teji se nirman hua hai. Audhyogik shetr mein sarvjanik upkramon ka teji se vistar hua hai. Poonjigat bhari udhyogon mein nivesh ka vistar hua hai jiske parinaamswaroop engineering vastuon, khanan, loha, ispat, urvarak jaise utpadan shetron emin atmnirbharta prapti ki jaa saki hai. Poonjigat shetr mein aayaton par nirbharta gahti hai. Gair paramparagat vastuon ek niryat mein vradhi hui hai. Audhyogik shetr mein takneek evam prabandhkiy seva ka vistar hua hai. Audhyogik sanrachna mein vivdhata aayi hai tatha adhunik udhyogon ka vistar hua hai.

Audhyogik vikas ki bhavi sambhavnaein
Bharat mein audhyogik vikas ki bhavi sambhavnaein ujjwal hai. Is samabndh mein nimnlikhit baatein ullekhniy hain. Grameen berojgari ko vishisht vishestaon ke karan visheshkar bharat mein kisanon ki mosami berojgari ke karan kuteer va gramodhyog ke ivkas ki achhi sambhavnaein hai. Apne khali samay mein ve is disha mein achha kary kar sakte hai. Kam poonji evam sthaniy kachhe maal ka prayog karke unka vikas kiya jaa sakta hai. Laghu paimane ke udhyogon ka kafi vistar kiya jaa sakta hai. Isse arthik asamantaein kam hongi or rojgar ke adhikadhik avsar uplabdh ho sakenge. Laghu udhyogon ke vikas ke liye kachha maal hi paryapt matra mein uplabdh hai or takneeki va manav koshal bhi. Iske atirikt sarkar bhi inhe paryapt protsahan de rahi hai.

Udhyogon ki karykushatal evam utpadakta mein vadhi ki kaafi sambhavnaein hai. Kary sanskrati ke viksit hone par sarvjanik shetron ke kary nishpadan ko sudhara ja sakta hai or samajik nyay ke saath arthik vikas ke lakshy ko prapt kiya jaa sakta hai. Aichhik sevanivrat yojana ke dwara atirik shram bhar ko ghataya jaa sakta hai. Yah ek achha sanket hai. Niij shetr mein adhunik udhyogon ke antarrashtiry pratiyogita mein tike rahne ki kaafi sambhavnaein hain. Haan inke adhunikikaran ki aavashyakta hai. Sankshep mein nikat bhavishy mein hartiy udhyogon ke vikas ki prabal sambhavnaein hai.

Make in India
Desh ko vishw ka pasandeeda manufacturing hub banakar audhyoigk vikask I gati tej karne ke liye make in india karykram ki shurat pradhanmantri Narendr Modi ne 25 september 2014 ko ki. New delhi ke vigyan bhavan mein desh ke agrani udyamiyon se khachakhach bhare mukhy hall mein iske liye jahan mukhy karykram aayojit kiya gya, vahin rajyo ki rajdhaniyon mein bhi iske liye karykram aayojit kiye gaye, videshon mein bhartiy dootavason mein si karykram ka seedha prasaran dikhaya gya. Sabhi sthanon par sthaniy udhyogpatiyon ne is karykram mein bhageedari ki. Is avsar par make in india karykram ka prateekchinh pradhanmantri narendra modi ne jari kiya jisme ek singh ko darshaya gya hai. Make in india ke prateekchinh ke roop mein chuna gya singh na keval desh ke rashtriy prateek chinh ashok stambh ka hissa hai balki sahas, budhimatta va shakit ko bhi yah pradarshi tkarta hai.


Antarrashtriy niveshak va arthshastri bharity arthvyavastha ko hathi ki sanghya pray is aadhar par dete rahe hain ki yah bahut vishal to hain kintu iski chaal bahut sust hai. Is dharana ko todneke liye hi modi sarkar ne kaafi vichar vimarsh ke baad shingh ko make in india karkram ke prateek chinh ke roop mein chuna hai. Ise cheeni chunoti ke prateek gragon ke pratyuttar ke roop mein bhi dekha jaa raha hai. Make in india karykram ke shubharambh ke avsar par udyamiyon ki vishal sabha ko sambodhit karte hue pradhanmantri narendra modi ne FDI ke liye naya drashtikon prastut kiya. Bharat ka nagrikon ke liye first develop india ke roop mein unhone ise prabhavit kiya. 

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