Wednesday, April 3, 2019

Bharat Mein Krishi Utpadakta Badhane Ke Upay

Krishi Utpadakta Badhane Ke Upay

Utpadan ki adhunik takneekon ka prayog: desh mein krishi ki utpadakta badhane ke lie krishi utpadan ki naveentam takneekein viksit ki jaani chahiye.

Bhoosudhar karykramon ka safal kriyanvayan: krishi vikas ke liye yah atyant aavashyak hai ki bhoodharan vyavasthaon sudhar kiye jaayein, krishkon ko bhoosvami banay jaaye, anarthik joton ko samapt kiya jaaye. Is sambandh mein prarambh kiye gaye bhoomi sudhar ke ksbahi karykramon ko poorn or prabhavsahli dhang se kriyanvit kiya jaana chahiye.

Sinchai suvidhao ka vikas: krihsi utpadan mein vradhi ki ke liye sinchai ke sadhanon ke vikas par uchit dhyan diya jaana chahiye.

Krishi aadaon ki uchit vyavastha: khad, keetnashak oshadhiyan tatha unnat kism ke beejon ko uchit mulyon par tatha paryapt matra mein vitrit karne ki vyavastha ki jaani chahiye.

Podh va fasal sanrakshan: fasalon ko anek rogon tatha keetanuon se bachane ke liey sarkar ki or se fasalon par keetnashak davaiyan chhidkane ki vyavastha honi chahiye. Krishkon mein fasalon ke rogon par niyantran karne ke  gyan ka prasar hona chahiye.

Vipnan vyavastha mein sudhar: krishi vikas k liey vipnan vyavastha mei nsudhar kiya jaana chahiye. Iske doshon ko door karne k liey niyantrit madniyon ki sthapana honi chahiye.

Rangrastata ki sampti: krishkon ko unke krishi kary utsahpoorvak karne tatha prtosahan den ek liey yah atyant aavashyak hai ki unhe rangrastata se mukt kiya jaaye tatha unke liye aavashyak vitt ki poorti karne ki samuchit vyavastha ki jaaye.

Vibhinn prakar ke jokhimon ko kam karne ki aavashyakta: bhartiy krishak ko anek prakar ke jokhimion ks aman karna padta hai jaise mosasam se utppan jokhim, keetanuon ka jokhim, ghatati hui keematon ka jokhim va anek nayi takneekon ko apane se sambandhit jokhim. Vibhinn upayon ko apnakar in jokhimon ko kam kiya jaa sakta hai.

Prernadayak mulyon ki gurantee va sarmathit mulyon par sarkari khareed ki vyavastha: krishak ko adhik utpadan karne ke liye prerit karne hetu uchit muly neeti apanai jaani chahiye. Chuni hui fasalon ke liey nyuntam kematon ki gurantee di jaani chaiye. Khad, keetnashak davaon, ojaron aadi ki kharid ke liye krishakon ko arthik sahayata pradan ki jaani chahiye.

Any sujhav: gahan krishi evam bahufasali karykramon ko prtosahit kiya jaaye. Krishi upaj ke niryaton ko badhane ke prayas kiye jaayen. Sahkari krihsi suvidhaon ka vistar kiya jaaye. Pahuson ki heen dasah ko sudharne ke prayatn kiye jaaye. Vikas karykramon mein samanvy va sahyog sthapit kiya jaaye.

Krishi vikas ke karykram

Krishi bharat ki pachpan pratishat se adhik jansankhya ki ajeevika ka pramukh strto hai. Yah gair krishi shetorn ko badi matra mei audhoyigk utpad or udhyog shetr ko kachha maal uplabdh karata hai. Kendr sarkar, rajy sarkaron or kisan samuday ke sanyukt prayason se varsh 2013-14 ki avdhi mein 2650.40 laakh tan ka record khadyann utpadan hua. Yah record utpadan krishi, shakarita or ksianon ke kalyan vibhag dwara karyanvit ki gayi. In vikas yojanaon ke karan hua jinke antargat kisnaon ko naveentam fasal utpadan takneek uplabdh karai jaa rahi hai.

Pramukh karykram


Vibhag ko bhoomi, jal, mitti aadi jaise prakarti sansadhanon ke adhiktam upyog ke madhyam se krishi utpadan or utpadakta mein sudhar karne hetu rashtriy neetiyon or karykramon ke pratipadan or karyanvayan ki jimmedari di gayi hai. Krishi sahyog, krishi or sambadh sehtr mein utpadan or antim parinaam ein sudhar ke liye anek prakar ke sudhar or neetigat pahal kar raha hai. Varsh 2015-16 se vibhag dwara karyanvit yojanaon ko nimnlikhit yojanaon ke antargat laya gya hai. 

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