Saturday, April 6, 2019

Chothi Tatha Paanchavi Pancharshiy Yojanaon Ka Adhyyan

Chothi panchvarshiy yojana ek april 1969 se ikatees march 1974 tak rahi. Is yojana ka moolbhoot lakshy sthirta ke saath vikas ke uddeshy ko prapt karna tha, jsise desh samajik nyay, samanta tatha atmnibharta ki or agrasar ho sake. Sankshep mein is yojana ke mukhy uddeshy agr prakar the. Rashtriy aay mein sadhe paanch pratishat ki varshik vradhi karna. Sthitrta ke sath arthik vikas ki prapti, jisse atmnirbharta ka lakshy prapt ho sake. Arthik sadhanon ke kendrikaran ko rokna tatha nirdhanon ki samajik samanta prapt karne mein sahayata. Videshi sahyata par nirbharta se mukti. Krishi utpadan mein paanch pratishat ki sthayi budhi ka lakshay prapt karna. Mulyon mein sthirta lane ke liye sfitikari pravarti ko rokna. Grameen va shahari shetron mein rojgar ke adhikadhik avsar uplabdh karana.

Uplabdhiyan: chothi yojana ke doran rashtriy aay kii osat vrashik vradhi dar 5.5 pratishat ke sthan par keval 3.3 pratishat rahi, khadyannon ka osat varshi kutpadan keval 2.7 pratishat ki dar se badha, vikas dar 4.2 pratishat rahi. Urvarkon ke upyog mein vradhi bhi atyant nirshajanak rahi. Gair kendiry shetr mein sooti vastr udhyog mein utpadan lagbhag avrudh raha. Gair kendiry shetron mein sooti varsh, cheeni, cement, machinery, shaktichalit pumps or deasel enginees ke sambandh mein pragati bahut mand rahi.

Paanchavi panchvarshiy yojana
Iski duration ek april unees so chohattar se ikatees march unees so athhattar tak thi. Paanchavi yojana ka sabse mahatvpoorn uddeshy nirdhanta ko sampat karna tha. Nirdhanta ki samapti se hamara abhipray yah hai ki pratyek vyakti ko kam se kam itni aay avashy prapt ho jisse va apni nyuntam aavashyaktaon ko santusht kar sake. Atmnirbharta ke marg ko prashast karne ki drashti se paanchavi yojana mein videshi sahayata se poorn svavalamban ke uddeshy ki prapti ko prathmikta di gayi. Uparyukt do mool uddhesyon ke atrikt paanchavi yojana mein nimnlikhit lakshaon tatha karykramon ka pravadahn kiya gya.

Kul gharelu utpad mein sadhe paanch pratishat ki dar se varshik vradhi. Utpadak rojgar ke avsaron ka vistar. Upbhog ki nyuntam aavashyakaton ka ek rashtiry krakram jiske antargat prathmik shiksha, rogon ki roktham, parivar niyojan, poshahar tahta sarvjanik svasthy ki nyuntam suvidhaein, peyjal ki poorit, grameen sadakein, bhoomiheen srhamikon ke liye aavas ki vyavastha, gandi bastiyon ki safai evam sudhar tatha bijali aadi ki vyavastha kriyanvit karna.

Samaj kalyan karykramon ka vistar. Krishi pradhan aadharbhoot udhyogon tatha dainik upyog ki vastuon ak utpadan karne wale udhyoog ka vistar. Sarvjanik vasooli that avitran ki samuchit vyavastha jisse nirhdan varg ko uchit mulyon par aavshayak vastuein uplabh hoti rahe. Niryaton mein teevr vradhi tatha aayt pratisthapan ki prabhavhsali vyavastha. Anvashyak upbhog par kathor niyantrna. Keemat, vetan tatha aay mein sanutlan hetu ek santulit evam samanvit muly vetan aay neeti ka nirdharan. Samaji, arthik or shetriy asamantaon ko kam karne hetu sansthagat, vitty evam any upayon ko karyanvit karna.


Uplabdhiyan: paanchavi yojana ko aarambse se hi bade kathin dor se gunarna pada. June 1975 mein desh mein aapat ki sthiti laagu ho gayi or arthik arthvyavastha ko door karne ke prayatn kiya gya parantu vikas ki gati mein sudhar nahi hua. San 1975-76 mein barah sootri karykram aarambh kiya gya. Is varsh hamare rashtriy utpadan, krishi evam audhyogik utpadan mei nkramshah 8.5, 15.6 or 6.1 pratishat ki vradhi hui, parantu 1976-77 mein vikas ki gati achhi nahi rahi or is varsh krishi utpadan mein 6.7 pratishat ki kami hui jabki audhyogik utpadan ki vrahdi dar 10.4 praithst ho gayi. Is varsh arthik vikas ki dar 1.6 pratishat rahi. March 1977 mein desh mein rajneetik parivartan ke karan is eek varsh poorv arthat 31 march 1978 ko hi samapt maan liya gya. 

0 comments:

Post a Comment