Saturday, April 6, 2019

Doosri Evam Teesari Panchvarshiy Yojanaon Ka Varnan

Doosri Panchvarshiy Yojana

Is yojana ki avdhi ek april 1956 se ikatees march 1961 tak thi. Pahli yojanan krishi pradhan thi. Iske viprit doosri yojana mein udhyogon ko prathmikta di gayi. Doosri yojana ke nirdharit uddeshy nimn prakar the. Jansadharan ke jeevan star ko uncha uthane hetu rashtiry aay mein pachees pratishat vradhi karna. Aadharbhoot udhyogon ko uchhtam prathmikta dekar teji se audhyogikaran karna. Rojgar ke avsaron mein paryapt vradhi karna. Aay tatha sampatti ki asamantaon mein kami tatha arthik shakti ka yathasambhav saman vitran karna.

Uplabdhiyan: yojanakaal mein rashtriy aay mein 21.5 pratishat tatha prati vyakti aay mein 1.9 pratishat ki vradhi hui. Ann tatha any krishi utpadan sat so saath laakh tan hua jabki lakshay 750 laakh tan tha. Is avdhi mine kul milakar krishi utpadan mein bais pratishat ki vradhi hui. Audhyogik utpadan mein iklayees pratishat ki vradhi hui. Is avdhi mein raukela, bhilai va Durgapur mein teen ispat karkhane sthapit kiye gaye. Lagbhag 66 lakh vyaktiyon ko rojgar mila. Bachat ki dar saath prasiaht se badhkar aath pratishat ho gayi. 210 laakh ekad atirikt bhoomi ko sinchai suvidhaein prapt hui. Kul milakar dvitiy rojana mein arthik vikas ki gati mand rahi. Arthvyavastha mei nanek vishamtaein ubhra aayi or bhartiy arthvyavastha gahre arhik sancta mein doob gayi.

Teesari panchvarshiy yojana

Is yojana ki avdhi ek april unees so ikyasath se ikatees march unees so chhiyasath tak thi. Teesari yojana ka vikas karyrkram agrlikhit uddeshyon par aadharti tha. Rashtriy aay mein paanch rpatishat se adhik ki vradhi tatha pooji nivesh ki aisi padhati jisse agami yojana ki avdhi mein rashtiry aay ki vradhi ki yahi dar bani rahe. Khadyann ke shetr mein atmnirbharta. Aadharbhoot udhyoogn ka vikas, yojgar ke avsaron mein vradhi. Arthik vishamataon ko yathasambahv kam karna. Is yojana mei snamajvadi dhang ke samaj ki sthapana ke uddehsy se vikas neeti mein sarvjanik shetr ko mahatvpoorn shtan diya gya.

Uplabdhiyan: adhik vyay ke baavjood samny roop se trity yojaan ki pragati nirshajanak rahi, keval kuchh hi shetron mein lakshayon ki prpati ho saki. Sthir keematon par rashtiry aay mein teen pratishat tatha prati vyakti aay mein ek pratishat ki vradhi hui. Krishi utpadan mein saath pratishat ki kami aayi. Yah kami unees so pasath se chhiyasath mein hone wali solah pratishat kami ke karan hui. Audhyoigk utpadan mein adtalees pratishat ki vradhi hui. Vikas karykramon se lagbhag ek so tees laakh vyaktiyo ko poorn ya adhikansh rojgar ki suvidhaein prapt hui. Nivesh ki dar badhkar 13.98 pratishat ho gayi. Keemaotn mein teevr gati se vradhi hui. Audhyogik shramikon ke liye upbhokta muly soochkank jo 1961 mein 103 tha, 1966 mein badhkar 152 ho gya. Is prakar trtiy yojana keval vitty drashtis e hi safal rahi jabki vastavik lakshy adhoore hi rah gaye. Yojana aayog ne svayn is baat ko svikar kiya hai – tritiy yojana ki pragati spashtatah uttam nahi rahi.

Teen varshik yojanaein
Teesrai panchvarshiy yojana ke pashchat teen vrashik yojanaein laagu ki gayi kyonki kuchh karanon se chhoti panchvarshiy yojana samay apr taiayr na ho saki. Iske liye uttardayi pramukh karan the – 1965 ka bharat pak sangharsh, 1966-67 mein sookhe ke karan paidavar ki kami, rupay ka avmulyan, keematon mein nirnatar vradhi, yojana ke liye aavashyak vitty sadhanon ka abhav aadi. Varshik yojanaon ka pramukh uddeshy svatah sfoort vikas, poorn rojgar tatha arthik vishamtaon ki samapti ke liey sudradh aadhar pradan karna tha.


Uplabdhiyan: krishi utpadan mein 1966-67 mein 0.4 pratishat ka hras hua. Audhyogik utpadan mein 1966-67 mein 0.3 pratishat, 1967-68 mein 0.4 pratishat tatha 1968-69 mein 6.7 pratishat ki vradhi hui. In yojanaon mein parivar niyojan karykram par vishesh bal diya gya. Niryaton ko prtosahit kiya gya, alp bachaton ko prathmikta pradan ki gayi, shiksha va svasthy suvidhaon mein ullekhniy vradhi hui tatha bhoomi sudhar ke shetr mein anek kadam uthaye gaye. Sampatti tatha arthik shakti ke kendrikaran ko rokne ke liye sarvjanik shetr ka vistar kiya gya. Yadyapi in yojanaon ki avdhi mein sadhanon ka abhv raha, jisse viaks kig ati mand rahi parnatu phir bhi in yojanaon no chothi pancharshiy yojana ko ek thos aadhar pradan kiya. 

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