Wednesday, April 3, 2019

Harit Kranti | Details About Green Revolution

Svatantrata ke pashchat desh mein krishi utpadakta badhane ki drashti se varsh 1958 mein Indian society or agronomi ki sthapana ki gayi jiske prayason se 1960 ke dashak mein paramparik krishi ko adhunik takneek dwara pratisthapit kiya gya. In prayason va badlavon ke falswaroop desh mein pahli bar 120 ke shtan par 170 laakh tan gehun ka utpadan hua. Pachas laakh tan ki is apratyashit vradhi ko americ krishi vaigyanik norman borelog ne harit kranti ki sanghya di. Bharat mein harit kranti ka janak MS svaminathan ko maana jaata hai. Krishi utpadakta mein vradhi ke liye varsh 1960 se harit kranti ka rpasar desh ke vibhinn bhagon mein hone laga, jiske parinaamswaroop desh khadyann utpadan mein antmnirbhar ho gaya.

Harit kranti ke laabh

Harit kranti ki pramukh visheshtaein ya laabh nimnlikhit hai. Adhik utpadakat wali faslaon ki vibhinn prajatiyon ko boya jaana. Utpadakta mein vradhi ke liye adhik matra mein vibhinn rasaynik urvarkon ka upyopg karna. Krishi ka yantirkarna karna. Krishi se samabndhit vibhinn anusandhanon hetu pratyek rajy mein anusandhan sansthano ki sthapana karna. Fasalon ki surkasha ke liey kharpatvarnashakon, rasaynik keetnashakon ka kraminashakon ka prayog. Faslaon ke sangarhan ke liye sanrakshan grahon ki sthapana. Krishi saakh ka vistar kya jaan, laghu sinchai yojanaon ko prtosahan. Kheti keval nirvah ke liey na hokar vyavsayik drashti se ki jaane lagi hai. Bhoomi sudha rkarykramon ka kriyanvayan evam sinahi hetu adhnuk takneek ak prayog.

Harit kranti ke dosh athva kamiyan

Samajik-arthik asamanta mein vradhi: harit kranti ke shetriy svaroop se samajik arthik asamanta mein atyadhik vradhi hui hai. Ek or jaan Punjab, Haryana tatha pashcimi uttar Pradesh mein krishi utpadan mein vradhi ke falswaroop krishkon ki sthiti sudradh hui hai, vahin desh ke any rajyon mein pichhadapan bana raha.

Shetriy prabhav: harit kranti ka prabhav vahin pada jahan pahle se sinchai evam any suvidhaein upalbdh thi jaise Punjab, Haryana, pashchimi uttar Pradesh aadi lekin bihar, odisha, Madhya Pradesh aadi iske prabhav se achhote rahe. In sthanon par harit kranti ko pahuchane mein samay laga.

Sampan kisanon ko laabh:harit kranti ke prarambhik charan mein unhi kisanon ko laabh hua jo sincahi, urvarak, unnat beej tatha keetnashak ke kharch ko vahan karne mein saksham the. Nirdharn ksian is laabh se vanchit rahe.

Paryvaran ka hras: atyadhik urvarkon evam keetnashakon ke upyog, ati sinchai tatha avaigyanik tarike se ki gayi jutai ne anek prakra ki paryvaraniy samasyaon ko janm diay hai. Mrada amliyata, jal bharav, mrada urvarta mein kami tatha paristhitiki par dushprabahv harit kranti ki nakaratmak den hai.

Bharat mein krishi vikas ki sambhavnaein

Krishi visheshagyon ka manana hai ki bharat mein krishi ki bahvi sambhavnaein paryapt ujjwal hai, kyonki bhartiy krishi mein haal hi mein vyapak sudhar aarambh hue hain or anek dishaon mein unke teji se vistar ki sambhavnaein hai. Urvarak upbhog ki khapat lagbhag pachas kigra prati hecteyer hai. Iska arth hai ki kisan unnat beejon or viksit utpadan takneekon ka prayag kar rahe hain. Yah is baat ka socohak hai ki nayi prodhyogiki ke vistar se krishi utpadana evam utpadakat mein paryatp vradhi ho gayi hai.

Is adhik upaj dne wali takneek ka vistar karke any faslaon ke shetr mein bhi utpadan evam utpadakta mein vradhi karna sambhav hai. Laghu, madhyam eva vishal stariy sinchai pariyojanaon ka vistar karke, door daraj ke shetron mein sinchai ke liye jal uplabdh karkaar krishi utpadakta mein vradhi karna sambhav hai. Aise sehtron mein jahan sinchai ke liye jal pahunachana sambhav nahi hai, shushk krishi bhoomi mein uchit prakar ke prodhyogikiy sudharon ko laagu karne ki bhis ambahvnaein hai. Desh mein bhoosudhar karykramon ko kathorta se laagu karke krishi ke doshon se chhutkara pana sambahv hai.


Yahan yah dhyan rakhna aavashyak hai ki desh mein jansankhya ki teevr vradhi ke karan bharat mein khadyann utpadan mein tejis e vradhi hone ke baavjood, khadyannon ke prati vyakti uplabdhata abhi bhi aparyapt hai. Doosri or jsankhay mein vradhi ke karan khadyannon ki maagn bhi badhi hai jiska prabhav muly vradhi ke roop mein drashtigochar hota hai.a tah krishi utpadakta mein teij se vradhi hona aavashyak hai. 

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