Wednesday, April 3, 2019

Krishi Mein Adhunikta | Modernity In Agriculture

Krishi utpadan mein shamta badhane k liye kai nai machines tatha upkarnon ka vikas kiya gya hai. Tractron ke uchit chayan ke liye nirnay mein sahayak pranali viksit ki gayi hai. Sabjiyon ki bbhuai ke liye teen kataron ka podh ropan upparan viskit kiya gya hai. Alovira ka ras nikalne ke liye kam lagata ka upkaram viksit kiay gya hai. Drip or spirnkalar pranlai ke liye software viksit kiya gya hai.

Krishi evam udhyogon ki parasparik anupoorakta

Adhyogikaran ka arth
Audhyogikaran se aashy vigyan evam takneek ki sahayat se naveen upyogitan ya mulyon ke nirman se lagaya jaata hai. Jab udhyoog ki shrankhla vyapak roop dharna kar leti ahi to yah prakriya ban jaati hai jise audhyogikarna kahte hain. Sankuchit carth mein audhyogikaran se aashy nimrna udhyon ki sthapan se hai parantu vyapak arth mein audhyogikaran ki prakriay keval nirman udhyoogn ki sthapan tak hi seemit nahi hai varan iske dwara kisi bhi rashtr ki sampoorn arthik sanrachna ko parivarti kiya jaa sakta hai.

Krishi evam udhyogon ki parsparik nirbharta
Krishi evam udhyog arthvyavastha ke do mahatvpoorn shetr htoe hain. Dono hi shetr paraspar ek doosre ke pratispardhi na hokar poorak hote hain tatha ek doosre se antarsambandhit hote hain. Vastav mei ndono hi ek doosre par nirbhar karte hai.

Udhyog ki krishi par nirbharta: krishi bhartiy arthvyavastha ki reedh hai. Bahrat ki arthik evam audhyogik pragati krishi par hi aadharit hai. Desh ke mahatvpoorn udhyog kachhe maal ke liye krishi par hi nirbhar karte hai. Sooti vastr, cheeni, joot, vanapsati tel chay va kafi iske udaharan hai. Sansar ke sabhi deshon mein udhyogon ka vikas krishi ke ivkas ke baad hi sambahv hua hia. Iske atirikt hamre kisan pashupalan kary ek sahayk udhyog dhande ke roop mein karte hai. Krishi tatha pashupalan udhyog ek doosre ke sahayak vyavsay ahi. Adhikansh kuteer udhyog jaise chatai banana, gud banana aadi krishi par nirbhar hai.

Krishi udhyog par nirbharta: krishi vyavsay ka vikas audhyogik vikas par hi aadharit hai. Bharat mein krishi ek pradhan vyavsay hote hue bhi pichhade avasatha mein hai. Iski utpadatka nimn hai. Atah krishi vyavsay ki samradhi ke liye rasaynik khad, uttam beej, sinchai ke adhunik sadhan, vidyut evam naveentam krishi upkarnon ke liye bhartiy krishi audhyogik vikas par nirbhar karti hai.

Teevr evam santulit audhyogik dhanche ki aavashyakta

Kisi bhi desh ki arthvyavastha mein audhyogikaran ka vishesh mahatv hota hai. Audhyogik vikas se hi vikassheel deshon ki gareebi, asuraksha evam pichhadepan ka samadhan sambahv hai. Aaj bharat teevr arthik viaks liey katibadh hai. Atah bharat ke liye teevr audhyoigk vikas aavashyak hi nahi apitu aparihary ho gya hai. Bhartiy arthvyavastha mein audhyogik vikas ki aavashakta evam mahatv ko nimnvat spasht kiya jaa sakta hai.


Arthik viaks ke liye vibhin aaadharbhoot aavashyaktaon ki porti audhyogikaran dwara hi sambahv hai. Audhyogik vikas se krishi par jasankhya ke adhik bhar ko kam kiya jaa sakta hai. Krishi ke punargathan ke liye teevr audhyoigk viaks aavashyak hai. Audhyogik vikas dwar niryaton mein vradhi ki jaa sakti hai or aayaton ko niyantrit kiya jaa sakta hai. Sthayitv ke saath arthik viaks le laskhy ko prpat karne ke liye teevr audhoyigk vikas aavshyak hai. Arthik vikas pane aap mein ek uddeshy nahi hai paitu ya samaik evam arthik kalyian mein vradhi ka ek madhyam hai. Atah artihk viaks ke laabhon ka samaj mein nyayoorn vitran hona chahiye. Doosre shabadon mein iska laabh samaj ke nirhdna varg ko bhi milna chahiye. Samaj ke berojgar yuvakon ko rojgar ke avsar uplabdh karaye jaane chahiye. Iske bina samajik nyay ki prapti asambhav hai. Doosre desh ke vibhinn shetrno mein arthike va audhyogik vikas ka vitran hi nyaypoorn hona chhaiye. Aisa nahi hona chahiye ki arthvyavastha ka ek shetr ko udhyog ki drashti se viksit ho jaaye or any shetr alpviksit rah jaein, anyataha shetriy asamantaein utpann ho jaayegi. 

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