Thursday, April 4, 2019

Kuteer Evam Laghu Udhyog Mein Antar

Kuteer udhyog ke paimae ka star ati laghu hota hai. Laghu udhyog ke paimane ka star laghu hota hai. Shramik ke parivar ki sahayata se chalaya jaata hai jabki laghu udhyog mein shramik niyukt kiye jaate hai. Kuteer udhyog grameen shetron se sambadh hote hai jabki laghu udhyog grameen evam nagriy sabhi shetron se sambadh hote hai. Kuteer udhyog krishi vyavsay se sambadh hote hai iske viprit laghu udhyog sabhi vyavsayons e sambadh hote hain.

Bade paimane ke udhyog

Kisi bhi desh ka arthik vikas adhikanshtah us desh ek krishi evam audhyogik vikas par nirbhar karta hai. Krishi jahan logon ko jeevika pradan akrti hai kuteer, gram evam laghu paimane ke udhyog rojgar ka sarjana karte hain tatha samajik evam arthik naya ke saath vikas ko sambahv banate hain. Bhartiy udhyogon mein nivesh ki gayi sthir poonji ka adhikansh bhag bade paimane ke audhyogik utpadan ke sabse bade bhag ka utpadan karta hai. Yojanakaal mein bharat mein audhyogik viikas evam sanrachnatmak parivaran bahut teji se hua hai. Iske parinaamswaroop aaj bharat vishw ka ek pramukh audhyogik rashtr ban gaya hai.

Utpadan ke prakar ke aadhar par bade paimane ke udhyogon ka vargikaran
Aadharbhoot udhyog: aadharbhoot udhyog ve udhyog hote hain jo sabhi mahatvpoorn udhyogon or krishi ko aavashak aadaein pradarn karte hain. Inme kachha loha, koyla, urvarak, castic soda, cement, steel, aluminium, bijali aadi sammilit hai.

Poonji vastu udhyog: poonji vastu udhyog ve udhyog hote hain jo sabhi udhyoogn evam krishi ke liye machinery va upkarnaon ka utpadan karte hain. In udhyogon mein machine ojar, tractor, bijali ke transformer, moter vahan aadi sammilit hai.

Madhyavarti vastu udhyog: ye uhyog un vastuon ka utpadan karte hain jo kinhi doosre udhyogon ki utpadan prakriay mein prayog ki jaati hai athva udhyogon mein poonji vastuuon ke sahayak upkarnon mein prayog ki jaati hai jaise automobile, tyers or pertroliam refinery utpad.

Upbhokta vastu udhyog: ye udhyog aisi vastuon ka utpadan karte hain jinka pratyaksh roop se upbhog kiya jaata hai jaise vastr, cheeni, kagaj, bicycle aadi. Yojanakal emin bharat ne audhyogik shetr mein ullekhniy pragati ki hai. Bharat ki audhyogik shetr mein ulabdhiyon ko darhsane wale mukhy bindu is prakar hai. Bhartiy arthvyavastha mein adhunik evam sudradh aadharik sanrachan ka teji se nirman hua hai. Audhyogik shetron mein sarjvanik upkramon ak teji se vistra hua hai. Nirantar ghate mein chalne ke karan ab dheere dhere sarkar inme apni ansh poonji ko kam karti jaa rahi hai. 

Poonjigat bahrti udhyogon mein nivesh ka vistar kiya gya hai. Bharat loha, ispat jaise aadharbhoot or aavashyak shetr mein atmnirbhar ho chua hai tatha urvarak evam petroliam jais ivastuon par apni videshi atmnirbharta ko kam kar saka hai. Desh mein audhyogik vikas ke saath saath audhyogik sanrachna mein vividhata aayi hai.

Svamitv ke aadhar par bade paimane ke udhyogon ka vargikaran
Sarvjanik shetr ke udhyog: in udhyogon par sarkar ka svamitv hota hai.

Niji shetr ke udhyog: in udhyogon par niji vyaktiyon ka svamitv hota hai.


Sanyukt shetr ke udhyog: in udhyogon par sarkar evam niji vyakti dono ka svamitv hota hai. 

0 comments:

Post a Comment