Monday, April 8, 2019

Modrik Neeti Ka Vistrat Adhyyan

Samanytaya modrik neeti se aashy sarkar athva kendiry bank ki us niyantran neeti se lagaya jaata hai, jiske antargat kuchh nishchit uddeshyon ki prapti ke liey mudra ki matra, uski laagat tatha uske upyog ko niyantrit karne ke upay kiye jaate hain. Professor harry G jonson ke shabadon mein modrik neeti ka arth kendiry bank ki us niyantran neeti se hai jiske dwara kendriy bank samany arthik neeti ke lakshayon ko prapt karne ke uddeshy se mudra ki poorti par niyantran karta hai. Modrik neeti saakh ki poorti or uske upyog ko prabhavit karke, sfiti ka mukabala karke tatha bhugtan sanutlan ke samy ko sthapit karke arthik vikas ki gati ko teevr karne mein sahayak hote hain.

Iske madhyam se niji upyog athva sarkari vyay ke sadhanon ke pravah ko ghataya badhaya jaa sakta hai tatha viniyog or poonji nirman ke liye uplabdh sadhanon ki matra mein aavashyaktanusar parivartan kiya jaa sakta hai or is parka rkrishi va udhyogon ki mudra evam saakh ki aavashyaakton ki poorti ki jaa sakti hai. Kisi bhi desh ki ek upyukt modrik neeti bachat va viniyog ke liye upyukt vatavaran taiyar krti hai, saakh ki lagat ko kam karke bachat va viniyog ko protsahit karti hai, modrik sansthaon ki sthapana karke nishkriy sadhanon ko gatisheel banati hai, sfiti ke dabav ko niyantrti karke atirikt viniyog ke liye upyukt vatavaran padia karti hai or heenarth prabandhan dwara vikasatmak viniyog ke liye atirikt sadhan uplabdh kar sakti hai.

Bharat mein modrik neeti ka sanchalan: bhartiy reserve bank bharat ka kendriy bank hai tatha yah bharat mein modrik neeti ka sanchalan karta hai. Iski sthapana ek april unees so pantees ko ki gayi thi. Ek april unees so unanchas ko iska rashtiryakran kar diya gya. Yah bank mukhytah nimnlikhit karyon ko sampan karta hai. Patr mudra ka nirgaman karna. Bankon ka bank ka kary karna. Sarkar ke banker, agent tatha salahakar ke roop mein kary karna. Vinimay dar ko sthir banaye rakhna. Krishi va udhyog ki saakh ki vyavastha karna. Aankade sanaklit karna tatha unhe prakashit karna. Mudra va saakh par niyantran rakhna.

Utpadan evam vitran par rajkiy niyantran
Utpadan ke shetr mein niyantran: sarkar audhyogik neeti va license prakriya ke madhyam se arthvyavastha ke audhyoigk shetr ko niyantrti karti hai. Sarkar arthik kriayon par aavashyaktanusar hastshep karti hai. Utpadan ke shetr mein sarkari hastshep ka pratham svaroop audhyogik license raha hai. Bhartiy sansad ne audhyogik neeti prastav unees so adtalees ke baad unees ko ikyavan mein audhyogik vikas evam niyaman adhiniyam laagu kiya tha. Iske antargat bharat mein samast vinirman ikaiyon ko sarka rke paas panjikarat karana anivary tha. Vartman audhyogik neeti ke prastavon ke anusar abu kuchh ikaiyon ko chhodkar jo suraksha ki drashti se mahatvpoorn ahi anyon ko panjikrat karana anivary nahi hai.


Purani vyavastha mein licensing gke niyamon ko nimnlikhit uddeshyon ke liye apanaya gya tha. Udhyogon ka santulit shetriy vikas. Bad evyavsayik gharanon ki or adhik vradhi par rok. Naye udhyogon ko sanrakshan, laghu udhyogon ke liye kuchh shetron ko reserve karna. Kathor niyamon evam prashasnik niyantranon mein vradhi ke karan niji shetr hatotsahit ho raha tha. Ab is neeti mein udarta audhyogik vikas ki or ek srahaniy kadam hai. 1991 mein ghoshit udarvadi audhyogik neeti evam baad mein kiye gaye sanshodhanon ke antargat ab keval do udhyogon ke liye license lena anivary hai, videsh poonji viniyog ko protsahan diya gya hai, videshi takneek ke anek samjhoton ke svatah anumodna ki vyavastha ki gayi hai or niji hsetr ke vistar ko protsahit kiya gya hai. 

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