Friday, April 5, 2019

Bhartiy Arthvyavastha Mein Arthik Niyojana Ka Mahatv

Bhara jaisi vikassheel arthvyavastha mein arthik niyojan ka bada mahatv hai. TT krishnamachari ke shabadon mein arthik shetr mein iyojana ka vahi mahatv hai, jo adhyatmik shetr mein ishwar ka hai. Professor robbins ke anusar arthik niyojan hamare desh ki achook oshadhi hai. Bhartiy arthvyavastha mein arthik niyojana ke mahatv ko nimnlikkhit prakar se psasht kiya jaa sakta hai. Uplabhd seemit sansadhanon ka sarvottam upyog kiya jaata hai. Antarrashtiry sansthaon dwara yojanabadh arthik vikas ke iye arthik sahayata uplabdh ho jaati hai. Svatantrat se poorv yudhkaleen jarjarit arthvyavastha ka svatantrata ke pashchat punaruthan sambhav hua hai.

Arthik niyojan ke dwara arthik vikas ki gati ko teevr kiya jaa sakta hai. Arthik niyojan ke dwara poonji nirmna ki dar mein vradhi hogi, viniyog mein vradhi hogi or arthvyavastha ko gareebi ke dushchakr se bahar nikala jaa sakega. Bharat mein berojgar evam ard berojgari ki vyapak samasya vidyaman hai. Arthik niyojan ke dwara is samasya ka samadhan kiya jaa sakta hai. Niyojaan, arthike vam samajik adharik sanrachna ke nirman mein jo niji viniyogon ko protsahan pradan karta hai mein sahayak hai. Niyojan dwara utpadan takneek mein parivartan ki gati ko teevr kiya jaa sakta hai. Is prakar arthik niyojan desh ke arthik vikas mein sahayak hai.

Bharat mein arthik niyojan
Bharat mein arthik niyojan ka itihas bahut purana nahi hai. Svatantrata se poor jo yojanaein prastut ki gayi thi ve nimn prakar hai Bombay yojana, janyojana, gandhivadi yojana, vishweshvarriya yojana. Ye sabhi yojanain matr kagaji yojanaein rahi. Vastav mein bhartiy yojana aayog dwara prastut pahli panchvarshiy yojana ek april 1951 ko lagu ki gayi. Ahi tak gyarah panchvarshiy yojanaein va saath ek varshiy yojanaein porn ki jaa chuki hai or barahvin pancharvshiy yojana lagu hai.

Pahli panchvarshiy yojana
Is panchvarshiy yojana ki avdhi april 1951 se lekar ikattees march 1956 tak thi. Iska mukhy uddeshy parsthitiyon ke aadhar par pratham yojana mein nimnlikhit uddehsyon ko svikar kiya gya. Dvitiy vishwyudh tatha rashtr ke vibhajan se jarjar bhartiy arthvyavastha ka punarnirman karna. Khadyannon ki samsay tatha krishijany kachhe audhyogik maal jaise kapas, joot aadi ke abhav ko door karna. Vikas ki ek aisi prakriya arambh karne jiske aadhar par adhik badi yojanaon ko karyanvit karna sambhav ho sake. Utpadan mein vradhi karke jansadharan ke jeevan star mein vradhi karna. Dhan ke vitran ki asamanta ko door karna.


Uplabdhiyyan: yojana ki pragati santoshjana rahi. Yojana ke ant mein arthik sthirta evam saralta ke chinh drashtigat ho rahe the. Is avdhi mein bhugtan santulan ki sthiti bhi santoshjanak rahi jo sankshep mein nimnvat hai. Rashtriy aay mein atharah pratishat tatha prati vyakti aay emin 8.2 pratishat ki vradhi hui. Prati vyakti upbhog aath pratishat badha. Khadyann utpadan mein bais pratishat ki vradhi hui. Yojana ka poorn utpadan paanch so chalees tan to jo yojana ke any mein 693 laakh tan ho gya. Sare desh mein samudayik yojana ka jaal bichh gya. Samast audhyogik utpadon mein unltalees pratishat ki  vradhi hui. Vidhyut shamta mein gyarah laakh kilovat ki vradhi hui. Chikitsalayon ki sankhya 8600 se badhkar 10000 ho gayi. 1740000 naye aavas banaye gaye. Muly star emin lagbhag teen pratishat ki kami hui. 

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