Sunday, April 7, 2019

Yojanakaal Mein Bharat Ka Arthik Vikas

Vikas dar: kuchh panchvarshiy yojanaon ko chhodkar ham nirdharit vikas dar ko prapt karne mein safal rahe hain. Pratham yojana mein prapt vikas dar teen point chha pratishat varshik thi jabki lakshay matra 2.1 pratishat varshik tha. Isi prakar athavin panchvarshiy yojana mein prapty arthik viaks ki varshik vradhi dar sadhe chhah pratishat pratishat rahi. Navi yojana mein ivkas dar 5.35 pratishat rahi. Dasavi yojana mein aath pratishat ka lakshy prapt nahi kiya jaa saka. Gyarhavin yojana mein varshik vikas dar lagbhag aath point do pratishat rahi.

Rashtriy aay evam prati vyakti aay mein vradhi: yojanakal mein shudh rashtiry utpad evam prati vyakti aay mein nirantar vradhi hui hai kintu jansankhya mein teevr vradhi hone ke karan prati vyakti aay mein vradhi dar asha se kam rahi.

Krishi evam audhyogik utpadan: yojanakaal mein krishi utpadan ki vradhi mein atyadhik uchhavachan hote rahe hain. Teesar yojana emin to yah dar ranatamak rahi. Isi prakar, doosri, chothi, chhathi evam athavin yojana ko chhodkar shesh yojanaon mein audhyogik vikas ki dar badhti rahi.

Parivahan evam sanchar: parivahan evam sanchar ke shetr mein yojanakal mein ullekhniy pragati hui. Railway lines ki lambai 66030 kimi, sadkaon ki lambai 52.32 laakh kimi tatha jahajrani ki sakal panjikrat shamta 70.7 laakh tan ho gayi. Havai parivahan, bandargaon ki sthiti or antirk jalmargon ka bhi vikas kiya gya hai. Sanchar vyavastha ke antargat vikas ke shetron mein dakkhano, telephone, raid station evam prasaran kendron ki sankhya mein bhi paryapt vradhi hui hai.

Shiksha evam svasthy suvidhaein: yojanakal mein shiksha ka bhi vyapak prasar hua hai. Bharat mein saksharat ki dar 1951 mein solah point saat pratishat thi jo 2011 mien lagbhag 74.04 pratishat ho gyai. Isi prakar yojanakal mein dehs mein svasthy suvidhaon mein ullekhniy vradhi hui hai.

Bankin sanrachna: yojanakal mein bankin sanrachna mein ullkehniy vradhi hui hai. Tees june 1960 ko vyaparik bankon ki shakhaon ki sankhya 8262 thi jo December 2016 ko badhkar lagbhag 99641 ho gayi. Rashtriykaran ke pashchat grameen shetorn mein banking shakhaon mein vyapak vistar hua hai.

Atmnirbharta: hamara desh yojanakaal mein atmnirbharta ki or agrsar hua hai. Pahle jin vastuon ka aayat kiya jaata tha aaj ve vsatuein hamare desh mein hi banana lagi hai. Khadyann utpadan mein hamara desh lagbhag atmnirbhar ho chukka hai. Videshi sahayata mein bhi kami aayi hai.

Samajik nyay: hamare desh mein arthik niyojana ka lakshay samajik nyay ke saath arthik vikas raha hai. Yojanakal mein samaj ke nirdhan varg ke uthan ke liye tatha gareebi va berojgari jaisi bhayavah samasyaon ke samadhan ke liye sarkar dwara anek yojanaein chaalu ki gayi hai jinke sarthak parinaam bhi dheere dheere samne aane lage hain.

Neeti aayog
1950 ke dashak mein astitv mein aaya yojana aayog ab itihas ke pennon mein chala gya hai. Sike sthan par nayi sanstha ek janvari 2015 se astitv mein aa gayi hai. Is nayi sanstha ko rashtiry bahrat parivartan sansthan naam diya gya hai tatha aamtor par neeti aayog ke naamse ise jaana jaa raha hai. Pradhanmatri ki adhyakshata wala yah aayog sarkar ke think tank ke roop mein kary karega tatha kendr sarkar ke saath rajy sarkaron ke liye bhi neeti nirman karne wale sanstha ki bhoomika nibhayega. Yah aayog kendr va rajy sarkaron ko rashtriy evam antarrashtriy mahatv ke muddon par ranneetik va takneeki salah bhi dega. Yah aayog panchvarshiy yojanaon ke bhavi svaroop aadi ke sambandh mein sarkar ko salah bhi dega.


Sabhi rajyon ke mukhymantriyon tatha kendrshasit shetron ke uprajypalon ko neeti aayog ki adhishasi parishad mein shamil kiya gya hai. Is prakar neeti aayog ka svraroop aayog kit ulna mein adhik sanghiy banaya gya hai. Pradhanmantri ki adhyakshata wale is aayog mein ek upaldhyaksh evam ek mukhy karykari adhikari ka pravadhan kiya gya hai. Amercia sthit colambia vishwvidhyalaya mein karyrat rahe professor arvind mangadhiya ko navgathit aayog ka upadhayksh banaya gya hai tatha yojana aayog ki sachiv rahi sindhushri khullar ko iska CEO niyukt kiya gya hai.

1975 bacth ki IAS adhikari sindhushri khullar april 2012 se yojana aayog ki sachiv thi. Inke atirikt prasidhh arthshastr vivek devray va drdo ke pramukh vk sarasvat tatha krishi visheshagy rameshchandr neeti aayog ke poornkalik sadasy banaye gaye hain. Jabki char kendriy mantra rajnaath singh, arun jately, suresh prambhu, radhamohan singh is aayog ke paden sadasy banaye gaye hain. Vishesh amantriton ke roop mein teen kendiry mantriyon nitin gadakari, samriti irani va thavarchand gahlot ko isme shamil kiya gya hai. 

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